We characterize a good set of prior options as the centroids of clusters of control options that are optimized for a set of subtasks. We formulate this insight as an optimization problem and derive an optimization algorithm that alternates between planning given the set of prior options and clustering the set of control options. We illustrate this approach in a simple two-room simulation.
Roy Fox*, Michal Moshkovitz*, and Naftali Tishby, EWRL 2016 * Equal contribution
We define Passive POMDPs, where actions do not affect the world state, but still incur costs. We present a variational principle for the problem of maintaining in memory the information state that is most useful for minimizing the cost, leading to a trade-off between memory and sensing, similar to multi-terminal source coding. We analyze the problem as an equivalent joint-state MDP, and introduce an efficient and simple algorithm for finding an optimum.
We formulate the problem of optimizing an agent under both extrinsic and intrinsic constraints on its operation in a dynamical system and develop the main tools for solving it. We identify the challenging convergence properties of the optimization algorithm, such as the bifurcation structure of the update operator near phase transitions. We study the special case of linear-Gaussian dynamics and quadratic cost (LQG), where the optimal solution has a particularly simple and solvable form. We also explore the learning task, where the model of the world dynamics is unknown and sample-based updates are used instead.
We present the minimum-information principle for selective attention in reactive agents. We motivate this approach by reducing the general problem of optimal control in POMDPs, to reactive control with complex observations. We introduce a forward-backward algorithm for finding optimal selective-attention policies, and illustrate it with several examples. Finally, we analyze and explore the newly discovered phenomenon of period doubling bifurcations in this optimization process.